2018

No. 45. Kenneth Neil Mertens (Ifremer, LER BO, Station de Biologie Marine, Place de la Croix, BP40537, F-29185 Concarneau Cedex, France), M. Consuelo Carbonell-Moore (Oregon State University, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, College of Agricultural Sciences, 2082 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-2902, U.S.A.)
Vera Pospelova (School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, OEASB A405, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 2Y2, Canada) & Martin J. Head (Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University, 1812 Sir Isaac Brock Way, St. Catharines, Ontario, L2S 3A1, Canada). Ceratocorys mariaovidiorum P.Salgado, S.Fraga, F.Rodríguez, P.Riobó & I.Bravo is a junior synonym of Pentaplacodinium saltonense K.N.Mertens, M.C.Carbonell-Moore, V.Pospelova & M.J.Head. (Download PDF).

No. 46. Pui-Ling Tan (Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) & Phaik-Eem Lim (Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). Validation of Halymenia malaysiana (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 47. Craticula zizix (VanLandingham) comb. nov., the correct name for Craticula molesta Lange-Bertalot & Willman, nom. illeg. (Bacillariophyceae, Stauroneidaceae). Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, H91 TK33, Ireland) (Download PDF).

No. 48. Carlos E. Wetzel (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg (corresponding author: carlos.wetzel@list.lu) & Michel Coste (IRSTEA-UR EABX, 50 avenue de Verdun, FR-33612 Cestas Cedex, France). Sellaphora flammarionensis (VanLandingham) comb. nov. (Bacillariophyta, Sellaphoraceae) based on Manguin’s original gathering of Navicula lepidula Manguin. (Download PDF).

No. 49. Kenneth Neil Mertens (Ifremer, LER BO, Station de Biologie Marine, Place de la Croix, BP40537, F-29185 Concarneau Cedex, France (corresponding author : kenneth.mertens@ifremer.fr), Nicolas Chomérat (Ifremer, LER BO, Station de Biologie Marine, Place de la Croix, BP40537, F-29185 Concarneau Cedex, France), Elisabeth Nézan (Ifremer, LER BO, Station de Biologie Marine, Place de la Croix, BP40537, F-29185 Concarneau Cedex, France) & M. Consuelo Carbonell-Moore (Oregon State University, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, College of Agricultural Sciences, 2082 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-2902, U.S.A.). The correct orthography for the epithet of Gonyaulax digitale, a common dinoflagellate in marine waters. (Download PDF) (Download Supplementary Material).

No. 50. Loren L. Bahls (Montana Diatom Collection, 1032 12th Avenue, Helena, MT 59601 USA; corresponding author: eemahtuskie@gmail.com), Carlos E. Wetzel (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg) & Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg). Transfer of Kurtkrammeria eileencoxiae to the genus Gomphonema (Bacillariophyta, Gomphonemataceae). (Download PDF).

No. 51. M. Luján García (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2CONICET, Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental Aplicada (CONICET – UBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina (corresponding author: mlgarcia@bg.fcen.uba.ar), Nora I. Maidana (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2CONICET, Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental Aplicada (CONICET – UBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina) Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research and Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg) & Eduardo A. Morales (Laboratório da Água, Instituto de Ciéncias da Terra, Universidade de Évora, Rua da Barba Rala No. 1, Parque Industrial de Tecnológico de Évora 7005-345, Évora, Portugal). Staurosira magallanesica, a replacement name for Staurosira patagonica M.L.Garcia, Maidana, Ector & E.Morales, nom. illeg. (non Staurosira patagonica Cleve) (Bacillariophta, Staurosiraceae). (Download PDF)

No. 52. Jasper Foets (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg) & Carlos E. Wetzel, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg (corresponding author: carlos.wetzel@list.lu). Sellaphora harderi (Hustedt) comb. nov. (Bacillariophyta, Sellaphoraceae), an overlooked terrestrial diatom. (Download PDF).

No. 53. Carlos E. Wetzel (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg; corresponding author: carlos.wetzel@list.lu) & Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg). Nupela biconfusa (VanLandingham) comb. nov. (Bacillariophyta) based on the type material of Achnanthes tenuissima Hustedt. (Download PDF).

No. 54. Tatyana Darienko (Experimental Phycology and Culture Collection of Algae, University of Göttingen, Nikolausberger Weg 18, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany; tdarien@gwdg.de) & Thomas Pröschold (Research Department for Limnology at Mondsee, University of Innsbruck, Mondseestr. 9, A-5310 Mondsee, Austria;corresponding author: Thomas.Proeschold@uibk.ac.at). The establishment of Diplosphaera epiphytica sp. nov. and its distinction from Chlorella sphaerica Tschermak-Woess. (Download PDF).

No. 55. Bart Van de Vijver (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium & University of Antwerp, Department of Biology ECOBE, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium;  corresponding author: bart.vandevijver@plantentuinmeise.be), Carlos E. Wetzel (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg) & Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg). Analysis of the type material of Achnanthidium jackii Rabenhorst (Bacillariophyta, Achnanthidiaceae). (Download PDF).

No. 56. Thomas Pröschold (Research Department for Limnology at Mondsee, University of Innsbruck, Mondseestr. 9, A-5310 Mondsee, Austria; corresponding author: Thomas.Proeschold@uibk.ac.at) &Tatyana Darienko (Experimental Phycology and Culture Collection of Algae, University of Göttingen, Nikolausberger Weg 18, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany; tdarien@gwdg.de). The distinctions between Chlamydomonas incerta Pascher and Chlamydomonas globosa J.W.Snow and their taxonomic consequences. (Download PDF).

No. 57. Christine Cocquyt (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium; corresponding author: christine.cocquyt@botanicgardenmeise.be) & Bart Van de Vijver (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, B-1860 Meise, Belgium & University of Antwerp, Department of Biology – ECOBE, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium). The transfer of Surirella kerguelensis to Iconella (Bacillariophyceae). (Download PDF).

No. 58. Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland; corresponding author: michael.guiry@nuigalway.ie) & Robert A. Andersen (Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington, Friday Harbor, Washington 98250, USA; raa48@uw.edu). Validation of the generic name Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae, Suessiaceae) revisited and the
reinstatement of Zooxanthella K.Brandt. (Download PDF).

No. 59. Bart Van de Vijver (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium & University of Antwerp, Department of Biology – ECOBE, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium; corresponding author: bart.vandevijver@plantentuinmeise.be) & Ingrid Jüttner (National Museum of Wales, Department of Natural Sciences, Cathays Park, Cardiff, CF10 3NP, UK). Eunotia manguinii nom. et stat. nov. (Bacillariophyceae), a new name for the sub-Antarctic Eunotia populations formerly identified as E. muscicola Krasske. (Download PDF).

No. 60. M. Elbrächter (Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung Sylt, Hafenstr. 43, 25992 List/Sylt, Germany; melbraechter@awi-bremerhaven.de), M. Hoppenrath (Senckenberg am Meer, German Centre for Marine Biodiversity Research (DZMB), Südstrand 44, 26382 Wilhelmshaven, Germany; mhoppenrath@senckenberg.de), R. Jahn (Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise- Str. 6-8, D-14195 Berlin, Germany; r.jahn@bgbm.org) & W.-H. Kusber (Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Königin- Luise-Str. 6-8, D-14195 Berlin, Germany; corresponding author: w.h.kusber@bgbm.org). Stability of the generic names Alexandrium Halim and Gessnerium Halim at risk because of Peridinium splendor-maris Ehrenberg, the first documented bloom of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae). (Download PDF).

No. 61. Alex Kenins (School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia). A new name for Cosmarium pseudolundellii Kenins, nom. illeg. and a nomenclatural note on "Cosmarium cohnii (Nobilis) Keshri & Das." (Download PDF).

No. 62. Norio Kikuchi (Coastal Branch of Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba, Katsuura, Chiba, 299-5242, Japan (corresponding author: kikuchin@chiba-muse.or.jp), Shogo Arai (Marine Algal Research Co. Ltd., Shinguu, Fukuoka, 811-0114, Japan), Goro Yoshida (National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima,739-0452, Japan). Jong-Ahm Shin, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Chonnam National University, Yeosu, Chonnam, 550-749, Korea.Masahiko Miyata (Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba, Chiba, 260-8682, Japan). Neomiuraea nom. nov., a replacement name for Miuraea N.Kikuchi, S.Arai, G.Yoshida, J.-A.Shin & Miyata (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), nom. illeg. (Download PDF).

No. 63. Lectotypification of Echinocaulon nigrescens and its transfer to the genus Huismaniella (Gelidiellaceae, Rhodophyta). Giovanni Furnari, Mario Cormaci, Giuseppina Alongi (Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Section Vegetal Biology, University of Catania, Via A. Longo 19, 95125 Catania) & Cesira Perrone (Department of Biology, University of Bari “A. Moro”, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy). (Download PDF).

No. 64. Robert A. Andersen (Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington, Friday Harbor, Washington 98250, USA (corresponding author: raa48@uw.edu) & Eneko Ganuza (Heliae Development, 578 East Germann Road, Gilbert, Arizona 85297, USA). Nomenclatural errors in the Thraustochytridales (Heterokonta/Staminipila), especially with regard to the type species of Schizochytrium. (Download PDF).

No. 65. Bart Van de Vijver (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium & University of Antwerp, Department of Biology – ECOBE, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium (corresponding author: bart.vandevijver@plantentuinmeise.be) & Wolf-Henning Kusber (Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin–Luise–Str. 6–8, 14195, Berlin, Germany). Validation of Navicula adminensis D.Roberts & McMinn (“Navicula adminii” D.Roberts & McMinn) (Naviculaceae, Bacillariophyceae). (Download PDF).

No. 66. Christine Cocquyt (Meise Botanic Garden, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, B-1860 Meise, Belgium: corresponding author: christine.cocquyt@botanicgardenmeise.be). Isabella Olodo (Laboratory of Ecology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, PO Box 526, Republic of Benin) & Youssouf Abou (Laboratory of Ecology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, PO Box 526, Republic of Benin). Transfer of Navicula elegantoides Hustedt to the genus Pinnunavis (Naviculaceae, Bacillariophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 67. David M. Williams (Department of Life Sciences, the Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK; corresponding author: d.m.williams@nhm.ac.uk) & J. Patrick Kociolek (Museum of Natural History & Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA) Fragilariopsis kanayae D.M. Williams & Kociolek, a new name for Nitzschia reinholdii Kanaya ex Barron & Baldauf and validation of Fragilariopsis jouseae (Bacillariophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 68. Michael J. Wynne (University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108, U.S.A.) & Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland). Lightfootiella Hašler et al. (2018) is a homotypic synonym of Sorospora Hassall (1845) (Chroococcaceae, Cyanophyceae). (Download PDF).

No. 69. Michael J. Wynne (University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108, U.S.A.) The status of Polyostea Ruprecht (1850) and the proposal of Savoiea gen. nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) (Download PDF).

No. 70. Bart Van de Vijver (Botanic Garden Meise, Research Department, Nieuwelaan 38, B-1860 Belgium & University of Antwerp, Department of Biology (ECOBE), Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium bart.vandevijver@plantentuinmeise.be), Luc Ector, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg luc.ector@list.lu) & Carlos E. Wetzel, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg (carlos.wetzel@list.lu). Olifantiella muscatinei (Reimer & J.J.Lee) comb. nov. (Bacillariophyta), an epizoic marine diatom species, the correct name for Olifantiella pseudobiremis Riaux-Gobin (Download PDF).

No. 71. Carlos E. Wetzel (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg carlos.wetzel@list.lu) & Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg luc.ector@list.lu). On the identity of Achnanthes ricula M.H.Hohn & Hellerman and its transfer to the genus Navigiolum Lange-Bertalot (Bacillariophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 72. Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland; michael.guiry@nuigalway.ie), Jeffrey R. Johansen (Department of Biology, John Carroll University, 1 John Carroll Blvd., University Heights, Ohio 44118, USA & Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, 31 Branišovská, 37005 ?eské Bud?jovice, Czech Republic) & Truc Mai (Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University, Skeen Hall Room N127, P.O. box 30003 MSC 3Q, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA.). Trichocolea Dumortier, 1822, nom. et orth. cons. (Jungermanniales, Bryophyta) vs Trichocoleus Anagnostidis, 2001 (Synechococcales, Cyanophyta) and Trichocolaceae H.Nakai vs Trichocolaceae T.Mai & J.R.Johansen. (Download PDF).

No 73. Tatyana Darienko (Experimental Phycology and Culture Collection of Algae, University of Göttingen, Nikolausberger Weg 18, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany; tdarien@gwdg.de) & Thomas Pröschold (Research Department for Limnology at Mondsee, University of Innsbruck, Mondseestr. 9, A-5310 Mondsee, Austria; corresponding author: Thomas.Proeschold@uibk.ac.at). Watanabea borysthenica sp. nov., including ‘Watanabea pyrenoidosanom. inval. (Trebouxiaceae, Trebouxiophyceae) (Download PDF).

No. 74. J. Patrick Kociolek (Museum of Natural History and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA. corresponding author: Patrick.Kociolek@Colorado.edu) & Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, University Road, Galway, H91 TK33, Ireland michael.guiry@nuigalway.ie). Replacement names for two Gomphonema (Gomphonemataceae, Bacillariophyta) species described from Lake Baikal, Russia. (Download PDF).

No. 75. Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 TK33, Irelandmichael.guiry@nuigalway.ie) & Peter F.M. Coesel (Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94248, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands). Validation of the desmid generic name Allorgeia Gauthier-Lièvre, 1958 (Desmidiaceae, Conjugatophyceae). (Download PDF).

No. 76. Michael J. Wynne (University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48108, USA). Regarding Kallymenia J.Agardh, 1842, Euhymenia Kützing nom. illeg. 1843, and the proposal of Croisettea gen. nov. (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 77. J. Patrick Kociolek (Museum of Natural History and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA; corresponding author: Patrick.Kociolek@Colorado.edu), Luc Ector (Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Environmental Research & Innovation (ERIN) Department, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg) & Michel Coste, IRSTEA-UR EABX, 50 avenue de Verdun, FR-33612 Cestas Cedex, France. Nomenclatural corrections and clarifications for names of diatoms (Bacillariophyta) in two volumes of Bibliotheca Diatomologica. (Download PDF).

No. 78. Roberta A. Townsend (Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, WA 6983, Australia;corresponding author: r.cowan@murdoch.edu.au) & John M. Huisman (Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, WA 6983, Australia; John.Huisman@dbca.wa.gov.au). Transfer of Oztralia gabrielsonii and Oztralia orbiculata to Dawsoniolithon (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). (Download PDF).

No. 79. David M. Williams, Department of Life Sciences, the Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK (d.m.williams@nhm.ac.uk). Effective publication dates in Diatom Research (volumes 27- 32, 2011- 2018) (Download PDF).

No. 80. Wm. J. Woelkerling (Department of Ecology, Environment and Evolution, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083 Australia; W.Woelkerling@latrobe.edu.au), Giovanni Furnari (Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Section Vegetal Biology, University of Catania, via A. Longo 19, 95125 Catania, Italy; furnari.giovanni41@gmail.com), Roser Guardia (Plant Biodiversity Resource Centre, University of Barcelona, C/ Baldiri Reixac, 2, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; cedocbiv@ub.edu) & Cesira Perrone (Department of Biology, University of Bari “A. Moro”, via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy; cesiraperrone@alice.it). Gelidiella tinerfensis Seoane-Camba (Gelidiaceae, Rhodophyta): nomenclatural validity, typification, and taxonomic status. (Download PDF).

No. 81. W.-H. Kusber (Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 6-8, D-14195 Berlin, Germany corresponding author: w.h.kusber@bgbm.org), O. Skibbe (Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 6-8, D-14195 Berlin, Germany) & R. Jahn (Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Königin-Luise-Str. 6-8, D-14195 Berlin, Germany). Is Trieres Ashworth & E.C. Theriot 2013 (Bacillariophyta) a superfluous redescription of Microtheca Ehrenberg 1838? (Download PDF).

No 82. Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, H91 TK33, Ireland). James N. Norris (Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC-166, Washington D.C., 20013-7012, USA). Suzanne Fredericq (Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, 70504-3602, USA) & Carlos Frederico D. Gurgel (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Botânica, Florianópolis, SC, 88040-900, Brazil.). Crassiphycus Guiry, Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq, gen. nov., a replacement name for Crassa Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq, nom. inval. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta), with some additional nomenclatural notes. (Download PDF).

No. 83. Radka Mühlsteinová (Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic) & Michael D. Guiry (AlgaeBase, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 TK33,
Ireland) Seeking the true Oscillatoria: corrected epitypification of O. princeps Vaucher ex Gomont (Oscillatoriaceae, Cyanobacteria). (Download PDF).